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Abstract


THE İLHANLI-ÇAĞATAYL! STRUGGLES AT HORASAN İN OLCAYTU KHAN PERIOD
The hostility between Çağataylı and İlhanlı dynasties originated from Cengiz Khan family begins after Mönkke 's election, who is Tııli 's son, to the Great Mongul Khanate folloM'ing the foundation of İlhanlı State hy Great Khan 's brother, Hülagu in P er si a in 1258. The discordances and Stnıggles on Horasan mostly behveeen two States continue at interuals half a century. Most of the Struggles in that period resul t infavottr of İlhanlı State Supported by the Great Khanate. İlhanlı State fights against Çağataylı State sıtccessfully and at the same time. İt has become successful in the expansion policy in the diredi on ofwest including Anatolia and Syria and in the creation of effective policies. The developments in the Middle Asia in the 14 century change the eauilibrium behveen Çağataylı and İlhanlı relationships in favour of Çağataylı State. At that time Çağataylı State ruling över the whole Türkistan eliminating Ögedey State, attains great power and prestige as the greatest heir of Cengiz Han togethenvith the regression of the Great Khanate to China. That development gives w ay to the menacing of Horasanın the time of Olcaytu Khan by İlhanlı State. The greatest province of the state is oppressed by Çağataylı State and most parts of İlhanlı State move to the east. Together with that now development, the Mongul oppression över Anatolia and Syria decreases. Especially, the Türkmens in Anatolia have enough time to deve lop and fix fırmly the newly consructed political organizations. Olcaytu Khan and even his predecessor Ebu Saidfıght against Çağataylı State successfully but they are ımable the preve.nl the developments which will crow up in two districts in the future. As a resıılt, the developments on the line of east and west, both ends of İlhanlı State, will emergr as political occurances of Ottoman and Timu at the top point at the beginning of the 15th century. The foundations ofthese occurances in the Near East are set up in the time of Olcaytu Khan.

Keywords
İlhanlı- Çağataylı, Olcaytu Khan,Horasan


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